Indonesia resumed the search on Monday for an AirAsia plane carrying 162 people that went missing after its pilot failed to gain permission to alter course to avoid a storm cell during a flight from the Indonesian city of Surabaya to Singapore.
AirAsia flight QZ8501 did not issue a distress signal and disappeared five minutes after requesting a change of course on Sunday, government and transport officials said.
Air Force spokesman Hadi Thahjanto said two C-130 Hercules planes were focusing their search efforts in areas northeast of Indonesia's Bangka island, which lies roughly halfway between Surabaya and Singapore, in the Java Sea.
Singapore said it had sent two naval vessels to help look for the Airbus A320 operated by Indonesia AirAsia, adding a C-130 took part in the search on Sunday.
Malaysia would send three naval vessels and a C-130 to assist, Singapore's Channel News Asia reported. An Australian P3 Orion surveillance plane left Darwin to join the search, ABC Australia radio said. The United States, Britain, South Korea and India also offered help.
"We have been coordinating with parties from Singapore, Malaysia and Australia who have (expressed) a willingness to assist," Tataog Zainuddin, director of operations at the Indonesian National Search and Rescue Agency, told Reuters news agency.
Onboard flight QZ8501 were 155 Indonesians, three South Koreans, one person each from Singapore, Malaysia and Britain, while the co-pilot was French.
There was bad weather in the area at the time and the aircraft had been flying at 32,000 feet before asking to fly at 38,000 feet to avoid clouds, said Joko Muryo Atmodjo, air transport director at Indonesia's transport ministry.
Permission had not yet been given due to traffic in the area, and five minutes later, at 6:17 am local time on Sunday, the plane lost contact with air traffic control, Atmodjo added.
The pilot "was requesting deviation due to en-route weather before communication with the aircraft was lost," the airline said.
"We are cooperating with the relevant authorities to the fullest extent to determine the cause of this incident," said Indonesia AirAsia chief executive Sunu Widyatmoko.
The Indonesian pilot was experienced and the plane last underwent maintenance in mid-November, the airline said. The aircraft had accumulated about 23,000 flight hours on some 13,600 flights, according to Airbus.
Malaysia AirAsia chief Tony Fernandes flew to Surabaya and, along with Indonesian officials, updated distraught relatives of passengers at a makeshift crisis centre at the airport in the Indonesian city.
"This is my worst nightmare," Fernandes said on Twitter. "But there's no stopping", he said of the search.
AirAsia swapped the distinctive bright red of its logo for grey on social media accounts and the company website as it faced its biggest ever challenge.
PRAYING FOR PASSENGERS
Indonesian President Joko Widodo urged his people to pray for the safety of the passengers and crew.
During his Sunday address at St. Peter's Square in the Vatican, Pope Francis said those on board were in his prayers.
Louise Sidharta was at Singapore's Changi Airport waiting for her fiancée to return from a family holiday.
"It was supposed to be their last vacation before we got married," she said.
A man named Purnomo told TVOne in Surabaya of his lucky escape. "I should have been on the flight... but this morning I had an emergency. I had my passport in hand."
Indonesian officials from the civil aviation authority and transport safety committee, which are responsible for crash investigations, arrived in Surabaya on Sunday. A transport ministry official said Indonesia would handle the probe.
"The aircraft was registered in Indonesia and it looks to be missing over Indonesian territory, so we will lead the investigation," said the official, who asked not to be named as he was not authorised to speak to the media.
"We have the expertise to do this."